A spatial assessment framework for evaluating flood risk under extreme climates

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Chen, Yun ORCID ID icon; Liu, Rui; Barrett, Damian; Gao, Lei; Zhou, Mingwei; Renzullo, Luigi; Emelyanova, Irina


2015-12-31


Journal Article


Science of the Total Environment


538


1


512-523


Australian coal mines have been facing a major challenge of increasing risk of flooding caused by intensive rainfall events in recent years. In light of growing climate change concerns and the predicted escalation of flooding, estimating flood inundation risk becomes essential for understanding sustainable mine water management in Australian mining sector. This research develops a spatial multi-criteria decision making prototype for the evaluation of flooding risk at regional scale using the Bowen Basin and its surroundings in Queensland as a case study. Spatial gridded data, including climate, hydrology, topography, vegetation and soils, were collected and processed in ArcGIS. Several indices were derived based on time series of observations and spatial modelling taking account of extreme rainfall, evaptransparition, stream flow, potential soil water retention, elevation and slope generated from a digital elevation model (DEM), as well as drainage density and proximity extracted from a river network. These spatial indices were weighted using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and integrated in an AHP-based suitability assessment (AHP-SA) model under the spatial risk evaluation framework. A regional flooding risk map was delineated to represent likely impacts of criterion indices at different risk levels, which was verified using the maximum inundation extent detectable by time series of remote sensing imagery. The result provides baseline information to help Bowen Basin coal mines identify and assess flooding risk when making adaptation strategies and implementing mitigation measures in future. The framework and methodology developed in this research offers Australian mining industry, and social and environmental studies around the world, an effective way to produce reliable assessment on flood risk for managing uncertainty in water availability under climate change.


Elsevier


Environmental Impact Assessment


https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.094


EP152133


Journal article - Refereed


English


Chen, Yun; Liu, Rui; Barrett, Damian; Gao, Lei; Zhou, Mingwei; Renzullo, Luigi; Emelyanova, Irina. A spatial assessment framework for evaluating flood risk under extreme climates. Science of the Total Environment. 2015; 538(1):512-523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.094



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