Transfer of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I from blood to intestine: comparison with IGFs that bind poorly to IGF-binding proteins

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Lord, A.P.; Martin, A.A.; Ballard, F.J.; Read, L.C.

Lord, A.P.; Martin, A.A.; Ballard, F.J.; Read, L.C.


1994-06-01


Journal Article


Journal of Endocrinology


141


3


505-515


The net transfer of 125I-labelled insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I from the blood to the distal small intestine was measured in anaesthetized lambs using a non-recirculating vascular-perfused intestine. To determine whether IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) reduce net IGF transfer, radiolabelled IGF-I was compared with two analogues, des(1-3)IGF-I and LR3IGF-I, which show reduced affinity for IGFBPs. Radiolabelled IGF-I, des(1-3)IGF-I or LR3IGF-I (1 ng/ml plasma) was infused for 45 min into the arterial supply of a 10 cm intestinal segment, either in the absence of added unlabelled peptide (high specific activity) or in the presence of a 100-fold excess of unlabelled homologous peptide (low specific activity) to achieve different proportions of free and complexed peptide. Very little degradation of radiolabelled peptides was detected in plasma, with 3- 10% degradation in the intestinal tissue. Less than 5% of radiolabelled IGF-I remained as free peptide in the efferent venous plasma of the perfused segment at both specific activities. Bound radiolabelled IGF-I was found by size-exclusion chromatography mainly in the 30-50 kDa region, with a smaller proportion in the 150 kDa peak. The net intestinal transfer of IGF-I, calculated as the sum of the proportions of infused tracer recovered from intestinal tissue, luminal contents and lymph, was 3.46 +/- 0.22% (S.E.M.) and 3.49 +/- 0.93% when infused at high and low specific activities respectively. The analogues differed from IGF-I with up to ninefold higher concentrations of free radiolabelled peptide in venous plasma of the perfused intestinal segment, and corresponding decreases in binding to the 30-50 kDa binding proteins. Notwithstanding these marked differences in the plasma levels of free peptide, net intestinal transfer was very similar for the three peptides, as was the extent of degradation in the intestinal tissue. The lack of correlation between binding to 30-50 kDa binding proteins and net intestinal transfer suggests that association with 30-50 kDa plasma binding proteins is not a rate-limiting determinant of net IGF transfer to intestinal tissue.


Human Nutrition; Animal; Biological Transport; Carrier Proteins: metabolism; Chromatography; Comparative Study; Infusions, Intravenous; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I: *analogs & derivatives: pharmacokinetics; Insulin-Like Growth-Factor-Binding Proteins; Intestines: blood supply: *metabolism; Iodine Radioisotopes: diagnostic use; Peptide Fragments: pharmacokinetics; Perfusion; Protein Binding; Radioligand Assay; Sheep; Somatomedins: *pharmacokinetics; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


https://doi.org/10.1677/joe.0.1410505


English


0022-0795


procite:19fd9e15-1487-441e-be81-1e3eb549ba1c


Lord, A.P.; Martin, A.A.; Ballard, F.J.; Read, L.C. Transfer of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I from blood to intestine: comparison with IGFs that bind poorly to IGF-binding proteins. Journal of Endocrinology. 1994-06-01; 141(3):505-515. https://doi.org/10.1677/joe.0.1410505



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