(U-Th) /He thermochronometric contraints on the late Miocene - Pliocene tectonic development of the northern Cordillera Real, Ecuador

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Spikings, R.A. ; Crowhurst, P.V.


2004-12


Journal Article


Journal of South American Earth Sciences


17


4


239-251


The low sensitivity of apatite fission track (AFT) thermochronometry at temperatures less than similar to60 degreesC suggests that AFT data sets from the Andean Cordilleras may have frequently failed to identify specific periods after 9 Ma when cooling rates were high. Forward modeling of (U-Th)/He apatite age data obtained from the juxtaposed Paleozoic-Mesozoic Alao, Loja, and Salado terranes in the northern Cordillera Real, Ecuador, has improved the resolution of previous AFT thermal histories for the past 9 My. The Alao and Loja terranes form a coherent, structural block that resided at temperatures greater than 70-80 degreesC until similar to3.3-2.8 Ma and then cooled rapidly to less than 40 degreesC at rates of > 15 degreesC/My. Intraterrane variations in the cooling and exhumation histories in the Salado terrane suggest that nonterrane-bounding faults played a significant role during its Pliocene-Recent evolution. The Salado terrane preserves an older history that r! eveals elevated cooling rates during 22-19 and 18-15 Ma. Subsequently, the terrane cooled rapidly from greater than 90 degreesC to less than 40 degreesC during 11-8 and 5.5-3.5 Ma at rates of > 8 degreesC/My. Vertical reactivation of the Llanganates fault, which separates the Salado and Loja terranes, during the Pliocene-Recent coincides with the main stages of formation of the juxtaposed Interandean Depression, which provides further constraints on the growth phases of the depression and the Cordillera.


Petroleum Resources; Andes; Ecuador; tectonics; thermochronology; (U-Th); He dating; FISSION-TRACK AGES; HELIUM DIFFUSION; SOUTHERN ECUADOR; APATITE; ANDES; BASIN; NEOGENE; ROCKS; STRATIGRAPHY; CALIFORNIA


procite:50970829-3947-483b-8891-3214df2e8e46


Spikings, R.A. ; Crowhurst, P.V. (U-Th) /He thermochronometric contraints on the late Miocene - Pliocene tectonic development of the northern Cordillera Real, Ecuador. Journal of South American Earth Sciences. 2004-12; 17(4):239-251.



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