TraNSIT: Modelling the supply chain of Australia’s plantation forestry

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Higgins, Andrew; Marinoni, Oswald; Pinkard, Libby; McFallan, Stephen; McKeown, Adam; Bruce, Caroline


2018-04-04


Report


40


Australia is characterised by long supply chains with large distances between production, processing and markets. A good transport infrastructure is essential to moving commodities and products across the nodes of the supply chain. About 80% or 657,000km of the nation’s roads are managed by local governments (ALGA 2016), and about 11% of these roads are poor condition. These poor road conditions contribute to higher transport costs by reducing average travel speeds and increased maintenance costs of heavy vehicles. CSIRO developed the Transport Network Strategic Investment Tool (TraNSIT) to provide a comprehensive view of transport logistics costs and benefits due to infrastructure investments and policy changes in agriculture supply chains in Australia. This report presents the findings of a baseline analysis of TraNSIT to Australia’s plantation forestry. There were a total of 180,000 unique origin to destination paths (a path represents the route between two nodes of the supply chain, e.g. between a specific plantation and a saw mill), representing 28 million vehicle trips over 25 years (2016-2041), transporting a total of about 800 million m3 of timber (~32m m3 yr-1) at an approximate total cost of about $23 b. A transport density of the baseline is shown in the figure below. Transport cost per m3 was impacted by distance and road conditions (e.g. average speed, sealed vs unsealed). The findings of this analysis provide governments, the forest plantation industry and other stakeholders with a baseline of freight transport costs between Australian plantation forestry value chain enterprises, along with a capacity to identify and evaluate scenarios to minimise transport costs and maximise long-term profitability.


CSIRO


Australia


Simulation and Modelling


Published Version (pdf) (3.10MB)


https://doi.org/10.4225/08/5ac67237dfc54


This report has been placed on the CSIRO repository and may be made available to persons outside of CSIRO for non commercial purposes, in its entirety and without deletion of disclaimers and copyright information.


EP174604


Client Report (Author)


English


Higgins, Andrew; Marinoni, Oswald; Pinkard, Libby; McFallan, Stephen; McKeown, Adam; Bruce, Caroline. TraNSIT: Modelling the supply chain of Australia’s plantation forestry. Australia: CSIRO; 2018. <a href="https://doi.org/10.4225/08/5ac67237dfc54" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.4225/08/5ac67237dfc54</a>



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