Substituting depth for intensity and real-time phosphene rendering: Visual navigation under low vision conditions

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Lieby, Paulette; Barnes, Nick; McCarthy, Chris; Liu, Nianjun; Dennett, Liu; Walker, Janine; Botea, Viorica; Scott, Adele


2011-09-03


Conference Material


International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC)


Boston USA


8017--8020


Navigation and way finding including obstacle avoidance is difficult when visual perception is limited to low resolution, such as is currently available on a bionic eye. Depth visualisation may be a suitable alternative. Such an approach can be evaluated using simulated phosphenes with a wearable mobile virtual reality kit. In this paper, we present two novel approaches: (i) an implementation of depth visualisation; and, (ii) novel methods for rapid rendering of simulated phosphenes with an empirical comparison between them. Our new software-based method for simulated phosphene rendering shows large speed improvements, facilitating the display in real-time of a large number of phosphenes with size and brightness dependent on pixel intensity, and with customised output dynamic range. Further, we describe the protocol, navigation environment and system used for visual navigation experiments to evaluate the use of depth on low resolution simulations of a bionic eye perceptual experience. Results for these experiments show that a depth-based representation is effective for navigation, and shows significant advantages over intensity-based approaches when overhanging obstacles are present. The results of the experiments were reported in \cite{Barnes11arvo, Barnes11vss}.


http://embc2011.embs.org/


nicta:4773


Lieby, Paulette; Barnes, Nick; McCarthy, Chris; Liu, Nianjun; Dennett, Liu; Walker, Janine; Botea, Viorica; Scott, Adele. Substituting depth for intensity and real-time phosphene rendering: Visual navigation under low vision conditions. In: International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC); Boston USA. 2011-09-03. 8017--8020. http://hdl.handle.net/102.100.100/103212?index=1



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