A Subexponential Construction of Graph Coloring for Multiparty Computation

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Asghar, Hassan; Desmedt, Yvo; Pieprzyk, Josef; Ron, Steinfeld


2014-12-31


Journal Article


Journal of Mathematical Cryptology


8


4


363-403


We show the first deterministic construction of an unconditionally secure multiparty computation (MPC) protocol in the passive adversarial model over black-box non-Abelian groups which is both optimal (secure against an adversary who possesses any t n/2 inputs) and has subexponential complexity of construction based on coloring of planar graphs. More specifically, following the result of Desmedt et al. (2012) that the problem of MPC over non-Abelian groups can be reduced to finding a t-reliable n-coloring of planar graphs, we show the construction of such a graph which allows a path from the input nodes to the output nodes when any t-party subset is in the possession of the adversary. Unlike the deterministic constructions from Desmedt et al.\ (2012) our construction has subexponential complexity and is optimal at the same time, i.e., it is secure for any t n/2.


Data61; NICTA; Multiparty computation; Graph coloring; Non-Abelian group; Planar graph


https://doi.org/10.1515/jmc-2013-0035


English


nicta:8180


Asghar, Hassan; Desmedt, Yvo; Pieprzyk, Josef; Ron, Steinfeld. A Subexponential Construction of Graph Coloring for Multiparty Computation. Journal of Mathematical Cryptology. 2014-12-31; 8(4):363-403. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1515/jmc-2013-0035" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1515/jmc-2013-0035</a>



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